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Must-Know Facts about Spaceman

Read about the spaceman,space shuttle, space station, spaceship,spacecraft, astronaut, spacesuit, planet, solar system, celestial body, and satellite.

Who is a Spaceman?

Spaceman is called as an Astronaut in America and Cosmonaut in Russia.

Spaceman is a person who is trained to travel in a spacecraft.

Astronauts : Jim Lovell, Sunita Williams, Akihiko Hoshide, and everyone knows Neil Alden Armstrong, an American astronaut who first landed on the Moon.

What does an Astronaut wear?

Astronaut wear spacesuit and their dress is made up of many layers and one layer is made of bulletproof material to protect flying objects in space from damaging the suit. Spacesuit contains a helmet to protect from sun's harmful rays and to keep oxygen level and pressure constant. They wear gloves to keeps their fingers warm and to pick up objects. To avoid drifting into space, spacesuit contain a tether which attach astronaut to the vehicle. If it is broken, spacesuit is equipped with jet pack to fly back.

The Spaceman.jpg

Why does an Astronaut wear spacesuit?

In space, astronauts have to face wide variety of temperatures. Astronauts wear spacesuit to protect themselves from extreme hot and cold temperature in space. Spacesuit helps astronauts in many ways. There is no air in space and no water too. Spacesuit supply oxygen and helps astronauts to breathe and is equipped with drinking water also. Spacesuits are fully pressurized to support body and that's the reason astronauts spacesuit look puffed up.

Spacesuit protects astronaut from being get injured by space dust. Moreover spacesuit also helps astronauts to work outside in space. It is equipped with many features  and serves as a one-person spacecraft. Spacesuit is called as EMI ( Extravehicular Mobility Unit). Outside the vehicle/spacecraft, it helps astronauts to freely move around in space.

Spacewalk may take longtime without a break and so astronauts use nappies and so they do not need to go to toilet.

What astronauts eat and how do they eat in space?

Astronauts eat variety of food and drinks like us which provide balanced nutrition for working in space.

Main thing is, in space, there is no gravity, so everything floats. So foods and drinks are carefully packed accordingly to prevent getting spoiled and floated. Beverages will be packed in power form and astronauts add water through tube before drinking it.

What is a Spacecraft?

Spacecraft is a vehicle designed for travelling in the space.

In other words,the Spacecraft is a manned or unmanned vehicle designed to orbit the earth or travel to celestial objects for the purpose of research, exploration, etc

Many types of spacecraft are used for diverse purposes.

Examples of space craft : Voyager 2, Pioneers 10 and 11 to Jupiter and Saturn.
space craft

What is meant by Celestial object or Celestial body or astronomical object?

Any natural object, not man made, which is located outside of Earth's atmosphere such as the Moon, the Sun,or Star is called as Celestial object or Celestial body or astronomical object.

What is Spaceship?

 Spaceship is a manned Space craft specifically designed to carry a crew into the space.

What is Space?

Space is the expanse beyond Earth's atmosphere where the solar system, star and galaxies exists.

Check the  link to know about,

  • What is in space?
  • Where is space?
  • What is space day?

What is Space Shuttle?

Space Shuttle is a re-usable space craft used by astronauts to make repeated journey between earth and space. It is also used to deploy and retrieve satellites.

Columbia was the first space shuttle to reach space.

space shuttle
Space shuttle

What is a Satellite?

Anything that revolves around Earth or another body in space is called Satellite.

Check the link to read about:

A. Natural Satellite
B. Artificial Satellite
C. Communication Satellite


What is Space Station?

Also called: space platform or space laboratory

Space Station is a large manned artificial satellite equipped to support a human crew. It is designed to orbit the earth during a long period of time and serve as a base for scientific and medical research in space and for launching exploratory expeditions, repairing satellites, and docking arrangements for spacecraft. Eg : ISS( International Space Station)
space station
Space Station 
Image credit : NASA for Space shuttle, space station,and satellite image.

You might also like to read : 17 Cool Facts about NASA

Planets and Solar System

A “planet” is an object in orbit around the Sun.

Solar System consist of the sun together with the nine planets and all other celestial bodies that orbit the sun.

Solar system is made up of two parts read here.


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