Google Virtual Kidspace | Informative,Educative and Entertaining

How to bookmark?

Bookmark is a feature available in all modern web browsers( like chrome, Mozilla Firefox , Internet Explorer etc).Using this feature,you can save all the web pages which you like to visit again, read later or for future reference.

Bookmark is easy to do.We can't remember all the pages we visit,so bookmarking is a must to do work.

Bookmarked pages will have a direct link to the pages so at the of re-visit, it will be very easy for us to visit our favorite pages.

In the context of the World Wide Web, a bookmark is a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) that is stored for later retrieval in any of various storage formats.

If you are using Google Chrome, click the bookmark icon in the address bar to bookmark your favorite page. 

The pages bookmarked can be viewed on the bookmarks bar at the top of your browser window or via the Chrome menu Chrome menu.The bookmark manager is another important thing to note.

Organizing and managing the bookmark is very very essential.Otherwise in time of need,we can't have easy access to the page we like to visit.

Using bookmark manager we can create folders and sub-folders.We can save the web pages category wise in separate folders for quick search.


If you can't find a web page from a list of bookmarked pages,then you can also find it easily by typing the name of the bookmark and then look for the bookmark icon next to the results that appear, which indicates matches from your bookmarks.

Simply by right clicking the bookmark you can edit and delete your bookmark.

If you are using Google Chrome,you can import and export all your  bookmarks easily and quickly.

If you want to access your bookmarks in all devices and computers,then you have  to sign in into Chrome with your gmail id.

Every time signing into chrome, if you book marked your favorite pages then you can see all your bookmarks in any computer just by signing in.

5 Best Facebook Educational App

Facebook is the most popular social networking site. Mark Elliot Zuckerberg is the chairman and chief executive of Facebook, Inc.He is an young 28 years billionaire, Internet entrepreneur  and a computer programmer.He is best known as one of five co-founders of the social networking site Facebook.

Facebook contains millions of web links,billions of photos,Videos,blog posts,Games,Apps,news and more contributed by more than 250 millions of users.People are using facebook for entertainment,education,to get information,to be in connect with friends and families,for marketing and more.

The founders of facebook with their(unitedly one) mind had contributed the world a social networking site called Facebook.With this now we can know about the knowledge and ideas of billions of minds in a single place.

5 Best Facebook Educational App

  1. WeRead - It is all about books.Wonderful app to share what we love to read and to know what others are reading.
  2. Notely - Helpful to organize assignments, classes, notes and many more
  3. Study Groups - To create study groups and collaborate with each other
  4. Used Text Groups - This is a group where students can sell and buy used text books.
  5. CiteMe : To learn how to properly include citations.
Please share more ideas and let us know how to use facebook for education.

Cartoon Face gives a free tool to make face pictures into a cartoon.With this tool you can make your own face or your friends face as cartoon picture.You can share your creations and multiply your fun.You are also allowed to take printouts.To access this crazy tool , users have to install first Mywebsearch toolbar .

With, you can make a cartoon face more similar to anyone's face.This is a free to download tool available with no registration.Additionally , you can also use drawing software like Pixia which is freely available to get awesome results.

Crazy Cartoon
Crazy Cartoon

3 Most Popular games which you must Play

1.Barbie Dress up Games:This is a most popular game.The game is to dress up the fashion doll with your favorite accessories.Now you can play online and have fun.

Click to Play!

2.Cooking Games:If you love cooking,enter this game and have more joy.

Click to Play!

3.Naruto games:NARUTO is an ongoing Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Masashi Kishimoto.It is also a popularly played games.Try it and have fun.

Click to Play!

Income-tax and investment tips for 2013 - Economic Times

Here is a list of Income-tax and investment tips for 2013 written by By Subhash Lakhotia, Tax Guru : CNBC Awaaz, Tax & Investment Consultant.

1) Income-tax file for one and all 

It is time now for every tax payer of the country to make a resolution to have a separate independent Income-tax File for every member in the family.  The objective of this is to achieve tax planning and cut down on your income-tax payments. Firstly think of your wife and if she does not have till now a separate independent Income-tax File, then start of having such independent Income-tax File for your wife. The concept of gift and loans in the name of your wife will help you to achieve this.  However, do remember that your wife can receive gift from any relative other than her husband, her father in law and her mother in law.  However, wife is free to take loan with reasonable interest from anyone including the husband.  Similarly adopt the concept of gifting your major children and start having separate independent Income-tax File for your major children. 

2) Hindu Undivided Family tax file in your kitty  

If you are a Hindu, then it is time now to find out whether you have a separate independent Income-tax File of your Hindu Undivided Family.  If still now you have not been instrumental in opening a separate Income-tax File for your Hindu Undivided Family, then right now is the time when you should start such separate Income-tax File in your family so that it helps you in the process of tax planning. The HUF file apart from enjoying the basic income-tax exemption of Rs. 2,00,000 will also continue to enjoy tax deduction in terms of section 80C as well as deduction for interest on housing loans. Also do remember that your HUF file can come into existence whether you have a son or just a daughter and even if you do not have any children, still your HUF file can come into existence right now.   

3) Plan for your minor children  

If you are having a minor child or a grand child, plan right now the different strategies for the safety and security of your minor child in particular.  If you want to have lots of income and wealth in the name of the minor child and would still like no clubbing of the income of the minor child, then it is time now to think of creating a separate independent hundred per cent “Specific Beneficiary Trust” in the name of the minor child based on the principles enunciated by the various courts of India including the Supreme Court of India so that the income of the minor child with special terms and conditions mentioned in the Trust Deed is not clubbed with the income of the parents.  It is also possible for you to think of starting a PPF account in the name of the minor child for his or her safety and also do not forget to take out Life Insurance Policies specially in the name of your minor child which will help the process of investment strategy in the years to come for the safety, security of your loving children. 

4) Real Estate strategy  

In the year 2013 in case you are thinking of buying your sweet home, then at that point of time do consider various vistas of tax and investment planning and then only take a decision to buy the property in the name of a particular member of the family.  Generally speaking, it will be worthwhile to buy the property in joint names so as to reap the full fruits of tax and investment planning. Please do note that every co-owner of the property will enjoy a separate deduction of interest on housing loan up to Rs. 1,50,000 per annum and would also enjoy  deduction in respect of repayment of the housing loan and plan now for your Real Estate to grow. Simultaneously, do not forget to keep in mind the provisions of the Wealth Tax Law so as to take care of wealth tax liability in respect of Real Estate or plan your wealth tax matter in such a manner that keeping in view the provisions contained in the Wealth-tax Law wealth-tax is not attracted on your Real Estate investment. It would also be a good idea to think of Rental Real Estate investment with the basic aim of getting a fixed secured rental income and lower tax incidence which is made possible through the special tax deduction at the rate of 30 per cent available for repairs etc. 

Income-tax and investment tips for 2013  
image source

5) Salaries and Perquisites 

We pray to the Almighty God to give you a good rise in your salary package in the year 2013.  It may also be possible that you might be thinking of changing your job. In all situations namely when you get a good rise in salary or when you shift your service, then in both these situations do take care with regard to income-tax provisions contained in the Income-tax Law to save tax on your salary and perquisites. Study in greater detail the provisions contained specially in Income-tax Rules to get hold various of tax free allowances and perquisites for you during the year 2013.  It is time now for you to even design your salary package and finally keep a strict watch on the comparatively recent new circular of the Central Board of Direct Taxes dealing with various aspects connected with taxation of salary income which will help you to save your taxes. Likewise, while you make contribution in the year 2013 to Provident Fund, please keep a strict watch during the year because the definition of salary for the purposes of Provident Fund is expected to be amended.  Hence, your contribution as well as the contribution of your employer during the year 2013 has to be definitely in tune with the new provisions based on the change of the definition of salary. 

6) Get ready to face the new GAAR provisions  

Whether you like it or not but the fact remains that in the year 2013 the big tax payers in particular and more specifically the corporate tax payers will have to gear themselves to understand the provisions concerning General Anti Avoidance Rules popularly known as GAAR. It is a well known fact that even today the provisions concerning GAAR are contained in the Income-tax Act, 1961 as per the budget proposals made last year namely in the year 2012.  But these provisions relating to GAAR will become applicable from 1st April 2013. The tax payers should carefully watch the provisions contained in the Finance Bill 2013 to find out the latest update with reference to GAAR and the tax payers particularly the big tax payers should make a deep study into the provisions concerning GAAR so that they do not face problem at a future point of time. It may also be noted that the purpose of GAAR is to ensure that the tax provisions are not misused by the tax payers and that is the reason that the provision of GAAR requires utmost care and concentration and study of the subject matter. It is even possible that the provisions concerning GAAR may be completely done away with in the statute book. But the final verdict of the Government will be known only when the Finance Bill 2013 is presented.  Hence, carefully study the new tax provisions as and when introduced through the Finance Bill 2013. 
7) Tax Planning relating to Capital Gain 

If in the year 2013 you are going to receive certain amount by way of Capital Gain, then before making your decision to sell your assets, find out in the first place whether the gain arising to you is a Short-term Capital Gain or is it a Long-term Capital Gain because generally speaking, if you hold the asset for more than thirty six months, only then the gain becomes Long-term Capital Gain and is eligible to various concessions and deductions. Reversely, if the gain happens to be a Short-term Capital Gain, then there is no advantage at all in most cases. However, the shares and mutual funds if sold after holding it for more than twelve months, becomes a Long-term Capital Gain and less than that is a Short-term Capital Gain. Therefore, during the year 2013 at any point of time whenever you are contemplating to sell a particular asset, firstly sit down and calculate the period of holding.  It is even possible that just postponing your sale to couple of months later or in some cases couple of days later may enable you to get full advantage of Long-term Capital Gain.  Hence, do not sell the asset till you calculate the tax impact thereon.  Also take care to save your Long-term Capital Gains either by investing in Capital Gain Bonds or in a residential property or finally investing in shares of certain new companies which are micro and small enterprises so that your tax liability with reference to Long-term Capital Gain becomes a big zero. 

8) Cash is king, but take care  

Cash is king, yes this statement is absolutely true.  But during the year 2013, please continue to take care of all your cash transactions keeping in view the tax provisions as contained in the Income-tax Law.  Do remember that wrong action of playing with your cash money may result into substantial financial loss to you. Hence, it is time now to remember that in the year 2013 one should be very careful to take care of handling cash in tune with the provisions contained in the Income-tax Act, 1961. Firstly do remember that in your business or profession never make cash payment of an expenditure exceeding Rs. 20,000 on one single day to one party or else take the expenses so incurred by you will be disallowed within the provisions of the Income-tax Law. This limit,  however, happens to be Rs.35,000 for payment to transporters etc. Similarly, do take care to see that during the year 2013 you never make cash loan or repay the existing loan by cash  of an amount of Rs. 20,000. The provisions contained in the Income-tax Act specifically provides levy of very very harsh penalties for taking cash loan and or repayment of the cash loan in which case the penalty is equal to the amount of loan.  Hence, stop blaming right now the tax provisions but just concentrate on complying with the provisions contained in the Income-tax Law relating to cash payment. 

Indians in Forbes The World's 100 ' Most Powerful Women '

FORBES has ranked the 100 most powerful women in the world.

Here is the List of the Indian women ranked by the Forbes.

Sonia Gandhi
Sonia Gandhi
1.Sonia Gandhi- President, Indian National Congress, India
Age: 66
Residence: New Delhi, India

Forbes Lists

#12 Powerful People(FORBES 100 most powerful people in the world)
#6 Powerful Women(FORBES 100 most powerful women in the world)

2.Chanda Kochhar-Managing Director and CEO, ICICI Bank
Age: 51
Residence: Mumbai, India
Education: Master of Arts, Jamnalal Bajaj Institute of Management Studies; Bachelor of Arts / Science, Jai Hind College
Chanda Kochhar
Chanda Kochhar
Forbes Lists

#59 Powerful Women(FORBES 100 most powerful women in the world)

3.Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw : Founder, Chair, Biocon Ltd.
Net Worth $625 M 

Age: 59

Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw
Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw
Source of Wealth: biotechnology, self-made

Residence: Bangalore, India

Education: Bachelor of Arts / Science, Bangalore University; Master of Science, Melbourne University
Forbes Lists

#92 India's Richest(FORBES India's Richest)
#80 Powerful Women(FORBES 100 most powerful women in the world)


Nostradamus( Michel de Nostradame )was born in Saint-Remy-de-Provence, France in 1503. He studied medicine and became a physician, treating plague victims throughout France and Italy. It’s believed he had a psychic awakening. He began to practice the occult and make predictions of the future, which he published in The Prophecies. Many people today believe his predictions have come true or will in the future.

Though widely regarded as a prophet by the public, many who have studied Nostradamus' works find that most of the amazing prophecies attributed to him are merely the result of poor linguistic and historical scholarship.

 In his book "Nostradamus, Bibliomancer: The Man, the Myth, the Truth," Peter Lemesurier, a former Cambridge linguist and author of nearly a dozen books on the French seer, concludes that Nostradamus was neither a doctor nor an astrologer, nor even (by his own admission) a prophet. He merely believed that history repeats itself, and thus projected known past events into the future. Lemesurier also debunks many of the modern myths about Nostradamus, such as his most famous predictions about the World Trade Center attacks.

 Nostradamus enthusiasts have credited him with predicting numerous events in world history including the French Revolution in 1789; the rise of Napoleon and Hitler; the development of the atomic bomb;the bombing of Hiroshima, Japan, in 1945; the space shuttle Challenger accident in 1986;  the Apollo moon landing in 1969; the death of Princess Diana and both world wars,  and the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. Nostradamus's popularity seems to be due in part to the fact that the vagueness of his writings and their lack of specific dates make it easy to selectively quote them after any major dramatic events and retrospectively claim them as true. Some scholars believe he was not writing to be a prophet, but writing to comment on events of his time and the people in it. Whatever his method or intentions, Nostradamus' timeless predictions continue to make him popular to those seeking answers to life's more difficult questions.

Nostradamus' timeless predictions continue to make him popular to those seeking answers to life's more difficult questions.

Nostradamus Predictions for 2013 : About the World War III

The interpreters of his book, Centuries, opine that Nostradamus had accurately predicted the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the rise of Hitler in Germany, the French Revolution and many important events. Scholars of Nostradamus believe that he had foreseen and predicted the third World War.
Mabus then will soon die, there will come 
Of people and beasts a horrible rout: 
Then suddenly one will see vengeance, 
Hundred, hand, thirst, hunger when the comet will run.
These quatrains are from the Century 2. The scholars have interpreted these quatrains with the incidents and events relating to the present century.

"Mabus then will soon die, there will come" - The scholars of Nostradamus have interpreted "Mabus" to be President Bush of America. As per the interpretation it is believed that Mr. Bush would be assassinated.

"Hundred, hand, thirst, hunger when the comet will run" - the comet in this quatrain is one of the several comets that is likely to cross the skies in next few years. His predictions may or may not come true. However, one of the comet named Comet 73P/Schwassmann-Wachmann 3 was close to the earth on May 13 2006 and close to the sun on June 6, 2006. This comet was discovered when Hitler came to power in 1930. 

There are many such quatrains, where Nostradamus has mentioned about the disasters that are bound to occur in the late 20th and during the 21st century. The scholars of Nostradamus' works have put together the various incidents that have taken place in the past decade to comprehend the possibility of World War 3.

One of these quatrains describes the attack on the World Trade Center in New York. It has also mentioned about the holy war that would be waged by the antichrist. In Century 2, Quatrain 30, Nostradamus has mentioned the rise of the Kings of Mongols. The last Mongolian emperor Genghis Khan's empire included the modern-day Iraq, Iran, Pakistan and Central Asia. The interpreters opine it could be the Iraq war and the possibility of the American attack on Iran. Scholars say, Nostradamus had predicted the usage of nuclear weapon in the World War 3. 

Finally, it all depends on how the quatrains are interpreted by the scholars. According to them, Nostradamus have mentioned about the nuclear plants and the nuclear missiles that will destroy the world and the mankind. After the World War III, the peace would be restored. He has mentioned about the restoration of peace in Century 10, quatrain 74.
The year the great seventh number is accomplished, 
Appearing at the time of the great games of slaughter: 
Not far from the age of the great millennium, 
When the dead will come out of their graves
"The year the great seventh number is accomplished"- this quatrain implies that the world will begin new after the World War 3 and the peace will the restored when the great seventh number is accomplished. Seventh number is the year that ends with seven. But which is that year? The numerologists and the scholars are racking their brains trying to divine the true mean of the number 7. Since 2007 is behind us, it could be 2070 according to some scholars. 

Happiness is how we see things and what we make of it. The current world is ruled by hatred, jealousy and greed. Unless people change their ways, the world would be drowned in grief and suffering.

Facebook will end on January 15th 2013

ALO ALTO, CA – Mark Zuckerberg announced that Facebook will be shut down in January. Managing the site has become too stressful.
“Facebook has gotten out of control,” said Zuckerberg in a press conference outside his Palo Alto office, “and the stress of managing this company has ruined my life. I need to put an end to all the madness.”

The news is spread by, a site known for distributing fanciful stories disguised as news articles. Other stories published by Weekly World News are alien stories and other otherworldly and tabloid stories.
The news of social networking giant Facebook shutting down is not new. People, for example, have spread news about Facebook closing down on March 15, 2011 and then July 2012 but the close down never happened because the claims are not true.

THE DEATH OF THE PC: A Full Report From Business Insider

The modern Internet was invented 30 years ago this month.
Since then — especially over the past 15 years — the Internet has become the world's dominant platform.
For a long time, the only platform worth a developer's time was Windows. Because of the Internet, which all personal computing devices. hook into, that's not the case anymore.

Wintel Monopoly Destroyed (Old PCs in the background)

Meanwhile, mobiile devices like smartphones and tablets have taken the world by storm. Apple launched the iPhone six years ago. Three years later came the iPad. Google sold its first Android phone in 2008, five years ago.
Is the PC dead yet? And if it is, who are the winners and losers?

What is Google Adsense - Products?

With Adsense,we can display Google Ads on our site , blog, or forum and can earn revenue.

Let us discuss about the Google Adsense Products.

1.Adsense for Content

               With Google AdSense for content,  you can display ads on your site.It can be either cost-per-click (CPC) or cost-per-thousand-impression (CPM) ads. For CPC ads, you'll generate earnings when your users click on the ads. For CPM ads, you'll generate earnings every time the ad appears to a user viewing your site.

2.Adsense for Search

             AdSense for search lets you offer your users Google web search directly from your pages. By placing an AdSense for search box on your site, you'll generate earnings from ad clicks made by users on the search results pages.
3.Adsense for Games

             AdSense for games is a product that allows you to earn money from your web-based games.

4.Adsense for Videos

            AdSense for video is a product that allows you to earn money from your video content.

What is Google Adsense?

Google AdSense is the flexible, hassle-free way to earn money online. Both bloggers and web publishers can make money from their online content with Adsense .It needs no investment to start up.

Google AdSense is a free, simple way for website publishers of all sizes to earn money by displaying targeted Google ads on their websites. AdSense also lets you provide Google search to your site users, while earning money by displaying Google ads on the search results pages.

It is a good, reliable program run by Google Inc.allowing publishers in the Google Network of content sites to serve automatic text, image, video, and rich media adverts that are targeted to site content and audience.

If you are a blogger or web publisher , Click here and start earning income.

1.Sign up for adsense.
2.Get Adsense Account approved.
3.Display Ads in your blogs and web sites.
4.Earn money for the ads clicked without making any investment.

Continue Reading.... What is Google Adsense - Products?

Google Adsense

36 Interesting facts about Tiger

  1. *Tiger is the most ferocious,popular and charismatic megafauna in the world.The magnificent tiger is one of the most powerful predators in the world. T9UG9UXHDYUW
  2. *Tigers are the largest members of the cat family.
  3. *The scientific name for the tiger is Panthera tigris.
  4. *There are five subspecies of tiger: Bengal, South China, Indochinese, Sumatran, and Siberian.Since the 1950s three subspecies of  tiger—Caspian, Bali, and Javan—are extinct.The five remaining species are also endangered due to poaching.They have been pushed to the edge of existence through hunting and habitat loss.
  5. *It weighs up to 363 kilograms, stretches 6 feet long, and has a 3-foot- (1-meter-) long tail.
  6. *A tiger retracts its claws as it walks, leaving no claw marks in its tracks.
  7. *A tiger's mighty roar can be heard as far as two miles (three kilometers) away.
  8. *Tigers are good swimmers and can swim upto 6 kilometres.
  9. *Tigers are carnivorous and they hunts for prey primarily by sight and sound.
  10. *Tigers can cover up to 10 m (33 ft.) in a single leap.
  11. *Tigers stripes are unique as human fingerprints,no two tigers will have the same pattern.They are easily recognized by its coat of reddish-orange with dark stripes along the flanks and shoulders.Tiger stripes allow them to camouflage and become nearly invisible while hunting and stalking their prey.The stripes on the tiger will be found even after their fur is shaved.
  12. *The underside of the tiger's limbs,belly, chest, throat, and muzzle are in white color. White is also found above the eyes and extends to the cheeks. A white spot is present on the back of each ear. The dark lines about the eyes tend to be symmetrical, but the marks on each side of the face are often asymmetrical. The tiger's tail is reddish-orange and ringed with several dark bands.
  13. *A healthy tiger can run at speeds of around 35 miles per hour.
  14. *Tigers have short, thick necks, broad shoulders, and massive forelimbs, ideal for grappling with prey while holding on with long retractible claws and broad forepaws.
  15. * Tigers are known for their stealth and ambushing attacks.A tiger's hindlimbs are longer than the forelimbs, an adaptation for jumping.
  16. *The forefeet of tiger have five claws which are used for attacking prey or other tigers. The first claw, called a dew claw, is vestigial (reduced in size) and does not reach the ground. Tigers keep the foreclaws sharp by scratching them on "scratching posts" such as tree trunks.
  17. *The hindfeet have four claws. The hindclaws are occasionally used to help bring down large prey, and in defense against other tigers.When not in use, each claw is retracted (by ligaments) into a sheath of skin, which protects it from excessive wear. To extend the claw from the sheath, muscular action is needed to straighten the last toe bone and pull the claw forward
  18. *A tiger’s tongue is covered with hard papillae, to scrape flesh off the bones of prey.
  19. *Tigers usually live 8 to 10 years in the wild and in captivity tigers have been known to live up to 26 years.
  20. *Tigers are mammals and its gestation period is about three and half months.The female tiger will take care of their cubs until they reach 2-3yrs old.
  21. *Tigers are carnivorous and they eat both large and small animals like deer,cattle,frog and fish.If the prey animal is large, the tiger bites its throat to kill it; smaller prey is usually killed when the tiger breaks its neck.Tigers are known to eat up to 60 pounds (27 kilograms) of meat in one night.
  22. *Tigers are very solitary animals.If they are found in groups they are called as streak of tigers.
  23. *Tigers have no natural predators, except for humans. Adult tigers are potential predators of younger cubs.
  24. *Tigers are 2 million years old.
  25. *The word tiger came from the greek work "tigris".It means "arrow" in the persian language.Comparing the speed of the animal to an arrow it may got its name or it may got its name from the "Tigris" river located in Syria,Iraq.
  26. *Male tigers are larger than female tigers in comparison. Also, they have larger paws in proportion to their body size than females.
  27. *Tigers short-term memory alone lasts about thirty times longer than humans, and their memories are made with stronger brain synapses, meaning that they can remember more and do not forget things as easily as we do.
  28. * Tigers seldom climb trees, but are capable of doing so with the help of their front and back claws.
  29. *Tigers have a brain that weighs over 300g. It is the largest brain of all carnivores, except the polar bear.
  30. *The markings on a tiger’s forehead closely resemble the Chinese character for king, giving tigers a cultural status as a regal animal.
  31. *Tiger is the national animal of (Royal Bengal Tiger)India,Bangladesh,South Korea,Malaysia,Vietnam and Myanmar.
  32.  *Most tigers have yellow eyes with round pupils.They have good vision both during the day and at night. During the day, a tiger's sight is about the same as a human.Their night vision are six times better than humans.Generally,Tigers hunt at night .
  33. *The Hukaung Valley Tiger Reserve in Myanmar is the largest Tiger Reserve in the World.
  34. *Tigers in case of wounds will use their own saliva as first aid,which acts as an antiseptic and helps to clean up wounds inflicted by prey.
  35.  *A chomp of a tiger’s jaws can generate pressures of up to 10,000 pounds per square inch, which is enough to crunch through the vertebrae of any creature on the earth.
  36. *Dental formula for tigers: I=3/3, C=1/1, P=3/2, M=1/1. Incisor teeth help to grab hold of prey as well as pull meat off bones.Canine teeth are used for biting and killing.Premolars and molars are used for tearing and chewing.A tiger’s canine tooth can grow up to three inches, which is about the length of your middle finger.

Tiger sitting in the meadows

Google Discovers Fraudulent Digital Certificate Issued for Its Domain

Google says that someone was caught trying to use an unauthorized digital certificate issued in its name in an attempt to impersonate for a man-in-the-middle attack.
Google revealed in a blog post Thursday that its Chrome web browser detected the certificate being used late on the evening of Dec. 24 and immediately blocked it.
The unauthorized certificate was created after a Trusted Root certificate authority in Turkey, Turktrust, issued intermediate Certificate Authority certificates to two entities last year that should not have received them. Turktrust told Google that it issued the two CA certificates by mistake, inadvertently giving the two entities certificate authority status.
With CA status, the two entities could then generate digital certificates, like a trusted certificate authority, for any domain. These digital certificates could then be misused to intercept traffic intended for that domain in order to steal log-in credentials or read communication.
Google did not identify the two entities who were issued CA certificates, but Microsoft identified them in a blog post as *.EGO.GOV.TR, a Turkish government agency that operates buses and other public transportation in that country, and, a domain that does not currently resolve to anything.
The unauthorized certificate was generated under the *.EGO.GOV.TR certificate authority and was being used to man-in-the-middle traffic on the *.EGO.GOV.TR network. Google’s spokesman said the unauthorized Google certificate was created sometime in early December, fourteen months after Turktrust issued the CA certificate to *.EGO.GOV.TR.
The * certificate, a so-called wild-card certificate, would have allowed whoever was using it to intercept and read any communication that passed from users on the *.EGO.GOV.TR network to any domain, including encrypted Gmail traffic.
Google engineers have updated Chrome’s revocation list to block any other unauthorized certificates that might have been issued by the two companies. Google also notified Microsoft and Mozilla so that they could update their browsers to block certificates from these companies. Mozilla said in a blog post that it was also suspending Turktrust from inclusion in its trusted root certificate list pending further investigation into how the mixup occurred.
This is at least the third time that a fraudulent certificate for Google has been issued. In 2011, a hacker was able to trick a certificate authority in Europe, Comodo Group, into issuing him fraudulent certificates for domains belonging to Google, Microsoft and Yahoo.Read more

Going To Mars Could Damage The Brains Of Astronauts

According to lead researcher M. Kerry O’Banion in a press release, ”Galactic cosmic radiation poses a significant threat to future astronauts. The possibility that radiation exposure in space may give rise to health problems such as cancer has long been recognized. However, this study shows for the first time that exposure to radiation levels equivalent to a mission to Mars could produce cognitive problems and speed up changes in the brain that are associated with Alzheimer’s disease.”
As part of the study, the researchers exposed mice with known timeframes for developing Alzheimer’s to the type of low-level radiation that astronauts would be exposed to over time on a long space journey. The mice were then put through tests that measured their memory and cognitive ability. The mice that were exposed to radiation showed significant cognitive impairment.
Going To Mars Could Damage The Brains Of Astronauts
The mice also showed physical signs of degradation. An examination of their brains showed differences in blood flow in their brain. Also, the mice exposed to radiation showed larger plaques of the type seen with Alzheimer’s patients.
“These findings clearly suggest that exposure to radiation in space has the potential to accelerate the development of Alzheimer’s disease,” said O’Banion. ”This is yet another factor that NASA, which is clearly concerned about the health risks to its astronauts, will need to take into account as it plans future missions.”
It’s not going to be an easy problem to solve, either. The radiation the researchers used in their testing is composed of highly charged iron particles, which are relatively common in space. Due to their size and energy, those particles can pass through the walls of a spaceship. Shielding from that radiation is no simple task.
“Because iron particles pack a bigger wallop it is extremely difficult from an engineering perspective to effectively shield against them,” said O’Banion. “One would have to essentially wrap a spacecraft in a six-foot block of lead or concrete.”

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