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The Parts of Speech


1.NOUN  -  It describes a person,place, thing, or idea.
ex,

- The girl lost her new bag at school.

- The house was full of happiness.

Note: If you can put “a”, “an”, or “the”before the word, it will most likely be a noun.

2.PRONOUN - It substitutes for a noun.

ex,

‐ Sarah asked him to walk that dog.

Who has been using my computer?

Note: Pronouns can be:
personal (e.g. them)
relative (e.g. which)
interrogative (e.g. whom)
reflexive/intensive (e.g. itself)
indefinite (e.g. everybody).

3.ADJECTIVE - It describes or limits a noun or pronoun.

ex,

‐ Amy bought a pair of brown shoes and an astonishing dress.

‐ Those forgetful boys need to clean that messy room.

Note:Adjectives tell what kind or how many. “A”, “an”, and “the” are also considered adjectives.

4.ADVERB - It modifies a verb,adjective, or another verb.

ex,

Modifying a:

Verb: The students read aloud.
Adj.: The movie was very amusing.
Adv.: It all happened too quickly for me to describe it.

Note: Adverbs answer How? When? or Where?
Many adverbs end in –ly:
Happy + ly = Happily

5.VERB - It expresses action or state of being.There are two kinds of verbs: linking & action.

*Linking:
‐My mother is a high school teacher.

*Action:
‐He wrote an interesting novel.

Note: Common linking verbs:
‐Any form of the verb “is” or “be”
‐Appear, seem, become, etc.
Action verbs imply either physical or mental activity.
The Parts of Speech
The Parts of Speech

6.PREPOSITIONIt shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun to another noun or pronoun.

ex,

‐ The airplane flew above us.

‐ She walked to the store.

Note: Commonly used prepositions include: about, before, for, from,in, on, over, to, until, up, with,without.

7.CONJUNCTION - It connects words or groups of words.

Types: coordinating,correlative, and subordinating.

ex,

*Coordinating: My professor is strict, yet she is fair.

*Correlative: Both swimming and dancing are fun ways to work out.

*Subordinate: I am happy because of you.

Note: Other coordinating conj.: for, but,or, yet, so, and, nor.Other correlative conj.: both…and,either…or, neither…nor, notonly…but also.Subordinating conjunctions join dependent clauses to main clauses.

8.INTERJECTION -  It expresses surprise or strong feeling.

ex,

Wow! This place is great.

Oh no, that’s terrible news.

Note: They are commonly used before a sentence or at the beginning of a sentence.

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