1.NOUN - It describes a person,place, thing, or idea.
- The girl lost her new bag at school.
- The house was full of happiness.
Note: If you can put “a”, “an”, or “the”before the word, it will most likely be a noun.
2.PRONOUN - It substitutes for a noun.
‐ Sarah asked him to walk that dog.
‐ Who has been using my computer?
Note: Pronouns can be:
personal (e.g. them)
relative (e.g. which)
interrogative (e.g. whom)
reflexive/intensive (e.g. itself)
indefinite (e.g. everybody).
3.ADJECTIVE - It describes or limits a noun or pronoun.
‐ Amy bought a pair of brown shoes and an astonishing dress.
‐ Those forgetful boys need to clean that messy room.
Note:Adjectives tell what kind or how many. “A”, “an”, and “the” are also considered adjectives.
4.ADVERB - It modifies a verb,adjective, or another verb.
Verb: The students read aloud.
Adj.: The movie was very amusing.
Adv.: It all happened too quickly for me to describe it.
Note: Adverbs answer How? When? or Where?
Many adverbs end in –ly:
Happy + ly = Happily
5.VERB - It expresses action or state of being.There are two kinds of verbs: linking & action.
‐My mother is a high school teacher.
‐He wrote an interesting novel.
Note: Common linking verbs:
‐Any form of the verb “is” or “be”
‐Appear, seem, become, etc.
Action verbs imply either physical or mental activity.
|The Parts of Speech|
6.PREPOSITIONIt shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun to another noun or pronoun.
‐ The airplane flew above us.
‐ She walked to the store.
Note: Commonly used prepositions include: about, before, for, from,in, on, over, to, until, up, with,without.
7.CONJUNCTION - It connects words or groups of words.
Types: coordinating,correlative, and subordinating.
*Coordinating: My professor is strict, yet she is fair.
*Correlative: Both swimming and dancing are fun ways to work out.
*Subordinate: I am happy because of you.
Note: Other coordinating conj.: for, but,or, yet, so, and, nor.Other correlative conj.: both…and,either…or, neither…nor, notonly…but also.Subordinating conjunctions join dependent clauses to main clauses.
8.INTERJECTION - It expresses surprise or strong feeling.
‐ Wow! This place is great.
‐ Oh no, that’s terrible news.
Note: They are commonly used before a sentence or at the beginning of a sentence.