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The Seven Wonders of the World



Why Seven Wonders of the World?
The number seven was chosen because the Greeks believed it to be the representation of perfection and plenty because it was the number of the five planets known anciently plus the sun and moon.

The seven wonders were:

  • Great Pyramid of Giza
  • Hanging Gardens of Babylon
  • Statue of Zeus at Olympia
  • Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
  • Mausoleum at Halicarnassus
  • Colossus of Rhodes
  • Lighthouse of Alexandria


Today, the only ancient world wonder that still exists is the Great Pyramid of Giza.



The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or thePyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt. It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact.Egyptologists believe that the pyramid was built as a tomb for fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops in Greek) over a 10 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BCE. Initially at 146.5 metres (481 feet), the Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years. Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface; what is seen today is the underlying core structure. 


The Great Pyramid of Giza
The Great Pyramid of Giza 


The New Seven Wonders of the World

WonderDate of constructionLocation
Great Wall of ChinaSince 7th century BCChina
Petrac.100 BCEJordan
Christ the RedeemerOpened October 12, 1931Brazil
Machu Picchuc.1450 CEPeru
Chichen Itzac.600 CEMexico
ColosseumCompleted 80 CEItaly
Taj MahalCompleted c.1648 CEIndia
Great Pyramid of Giza (Honorary Candidate)Completed c.2560 BCEEgypt

1.The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire or its prototypical states against intrusions by various nomadic groups or military incursions by various warlike peoples or forces. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC;these, later joined together and made bigger, stronger, and unified are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall.Especially famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of ChinaQin Shi Huang. Little of that wall remains. Since then, the Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced; the majority of the existing wall was reconstructed during the Ming Dynasty.
Great Wall of China
Great Wall of China

2.Petra in Greek meaning 'stone' is an Arabian historical and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Ma'an, that is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system.
File:Al Khazneh.jpg
Petra

3.Cristo Redentor (English: lit. Christ the RedeemerPortugueseCristo Redentor,standard) is a statue of Jesus of Nazareth in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; considered the largest Art Deco statue in the world and the 5th largest statue of Jesus in the world. It is 39.6 metres (130 ft) tall, including its 9.5 metres (31 ft) pedestal, and 30 metres (98 ft) wide. It weighs 635 tonnes (625 long,700 short tons), and is located at the peak of the 700-metre (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city. A symbol of Brazilian Christianity, the statue has become an icon for Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone, and was constructed between 1922 and 1931.



 Christ the Redeemer - wONDERS OF THE WORLD
 Christ the Redeemer



4.Machu Picchu("Old Peak") is a pre-Columbian 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres (7,970 ft) above sea level.Machu Picchu is located in the Cusco Region of Peru, South America. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru, which is 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often referred to as the "City of the Incas", it is perhaps the most familiar icon of Inca civilization.

Machu Picchu WONDERS OF THE WORLD
Machu Picchu
5.Chichen Itza, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the second-most visited of Mexico's archaeological sites.It was a large pre-Columbian city built by the Maya civilization. The archaeological site is located in the municipality of Tinum, in the Mexican state of Yucatán.



Chichen Itza WONDERS OF THE WORLD
Chichen Itza
6.The Colosseum is an elliptical amphitheater in Rome, Italy.It is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering.Capable of seating 50,000 spectators, the Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology.

File:Jean-Léon Gérôme - The Christian Martyrs' Last Prayer - Walters 37113.jpg
Colosseum














7.The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage".
Taj Mahal is regarded by many as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Islamic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Indian architectural styles.
In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

 Taj Mahal wonders of the world
Taj Mahal


source:Wikipedia

1 comments:

  1. I have found an iPhone app called "wonders of the world" if you have an iPhone you should check it out. If not, your readers may be interested - https://itunes.apple.com/nz/app/modern-wonders-of-the-world/id602593241?mt=8

    Cheers
    Sean

    ReplyDelete

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